In 1935, two physicians called Stein and Leventhal published a paper on their findings in a group of women with amenorrhea, hirsutism, obesity, and enlarged polycystic- appearing ovaries; this was one of the first descriptions of a complex disorder, currently known as polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS).
This condition affects 4%-12% of women of reproductive age. And more than 70 years after the discovery of PCOS, a deeper knowledge of the disease has been achieved.
In fact, over the past decade, there has been significant advance on the understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of this syndrome. Although there are still many questions to be answered, it is clear that the greatest impact of this disease is on women’s reproductive function; however, the general state of health is also affected due to the metabolic and cardiovascular complications it can bring.
This work describes the current knowledge related with the causes, diagnosis and treatment of this disorder, so common in females.
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